Mud volcanoes of the Azov-Black Sea basin, onshore and offshore

The term "mud volcano" generally is applied to a more or less violent eruption or surface extrusion of watery mud or clay which is almost invariably accompanied by methane gas. Mud volcanism is a geological phenomenon that is widespread on the Earth. The most ancient Early Paleozoic mud volcanoes are known from Decaturville, Missouri, in North America (Zimmermann and Amstutz, 1972). In the Black Sea, Cretaceous mud volcanoes are known in the near-mountain area of the northwestern Caucasus. Numerous traces of mud volcanism are present in Chokrakian, Sarmatian, and Kimmcrian deposits of the Kerch-Taman region. The activity of mud volcanoes in Kimmerian time led to the formation of the Azov-Black Sea iron ore province and, connected to this, compensated or compressed geosynclinals.
Caspian-Black Sea-mediterranean corridor during last 30 ky: sea level change and human adaptiv strategies (2005-2011), plenary meeting and field trip INQUA 501 (6,2010),27 Sept.-5 Oct., 2010
Ключові слова
geological phenomenon, degassing, salse breccia
Бібліографічний опис
Black sea-mediterranean corridor during the last 30 ky: sea level change and human adaptation (2005–2010) : VI plenarry meeting and field trip IGCP-521 (Rhodes, 27 Sept. – 5 Oct., 2010). – Rhodes, 2010.