Синергетична модель розвитку англійської мови

Науковий керівник
Назва журналу
Назва тому
КП "Одеська міська друкарня"
В дисертації розроблено принципово новий напрям дослідження проблем еволюції мови - діахронічну лінгвосинергетику, об’єктом вивчення якої є перехідні явища в мові, мовна система в стані критичності її розвитку, в так званому режимі з загостренням. У роботі окреслено предметну сферу діахронічної лінгвосинергетики і систему методологічних принципів дослідження, визначено категорійний апарат нової, процесуально зорієнтованої метамови аналізу. Розкрито й описано синергетичні властивості англійської мови. Доведено, що в основі мовної організації лежить фрактальний принцип формотворення, що забезпечує інтеграцію компонентів системи мови. Визначено та запропоновано для введення до наукового обігу поняття «фазовий простір мови», поняття «простір станів фонетичної системи». Залучення принципів синергетичного аналізу уможливило розбудову якісно нової концепції мовного розвитку. До механізмів еволюції англійської мови уналежнюємо зміну параметричного патерна мовної мегасистеми і синхронізацію темпів змін, що відбуваються у підсистемах мови.
В диссертации разработано принципиально новое направление исследования проблем эволюции языка - диахроническая лингвосинергетика, объектом изучения которой стали переходные явления в языке, языковая система в состоянии критичности её развития, в так называемом режиме с обострением. В работе очерчены предметная сфера диахронической лингвосинергетики и система методологических принципов исследования, определен категориальный аппарат нового, процессуально ориентированного метаязыка анализа. Вскрыты и описаны синергетические свойства английского языка. Доказано, что в основе языковой организации находится фрактальный принцип формообразования, обеспечивающий внутри- и межуровневую интеграцию компонентов системы языка. Определены и введены в научный обиход понятия «фазовое пространство языка», «пространство состояний фонетической системы».
The thesis advances a new multidisciplinary research approach within linguistic synergetics - diachronic linguosynergetics, focusing on principles and mechanisms of language change and development, and employing methodological integrity of philosophy, linguistics and synergetics. The main aim of diachronic linguosynergetics is seen in capturing language in the state of change, when the language system follows a non-linear path, through numerous fluctuations and dissipation leading out of chaos to order and stability. Diachronic linguosynergetics also aims at revealing and understanding the main laws of language evolution - the emergence of language, peculiarities of language non-linear development (gradual at times and sometimes precipitous), coherent behavior of its components and subsystems, the impact of external factors (including language contacts) on language structure, and the like. The thesis argues that human language is a complex synergetic megasystem, which changes and develops in compliance with the universal principles of the complex system’s behavior revealed within the theory of synergetics. Synergetic systems are defined as multi-component systems characterized by complex behavior of their parts and sub-systems. From the perspective of the proposed approach, human language is considered an open, dynamic, non-linear, self-organizing system with all its hierarchical subsystems and elements coherently interconnected and controlled by governing parameters. ‘Openness’ should be understood in the functional aspect, i.e. as the ability of the system to interact with other systems, whatever their nature is. The ‘open’ character of language manifests itself in reflecting the social, economic, political and cultural life of the society, as well as the scientific and technological advances of the time. Besides reflecting, language transmits the new notions by saving them in its lexical depository. The open character of language presupposes its dynamism. The research has revealed that various language subsystems can be characterized by a certain degree of anisotropy as a system’s scaled property of being heterogeneously influenced when acted upon from outside. Variation of anisotropic degree within language subsystems reflects the system’s ability either to withstand or yield to outer impact. Special emphasis is laid on a variety of change rates on different language levels. This gives every reason to believe that language is a complex non-linear system characterized by a variety of tempo regimes of changes. The thesis argues that one of the mechanisms of the system’s selforganization is synchronization of tempo regimes within language sub-systems. Moreover, language rhythm is changeable. Due to the ‘openness’ of the system, non-linguistic factors do impact the evolutionary process, thus accelerating changes, making the essential parameters unstable, forcing the system to fluctuate and seek new attractors in order to establish new balanced states. The present thesis has adopted and further developed the understanding of language as a nonlinear scale-free network, reflecting intermixture of element connections, it claims that any languagehas its own space of states, represented by the main morphological (topological) types of organization (agglutinating, analytic, inflectional, polysynthetic or incorporating, and isolating or root). We suggest that under certain conditions a language is able to move along this space, changing its grammatical structure. This research claims that at any given moment the language system can be characterized by a peculiar pattern of order parameters, or macroscopic variables, governing the behavior of the microscopic parts by the ‘slaving principle’. An alternation within the parameter pattern triggers instability within the system and signals change in language structure. Moreover, it may cause reconstruction of either sub-systems or the whole system, thus indicating a possibility for the system to enter a new state. A close examination of historical changes in English within different language levels indicates that language never changes chaotically but has-an underlying order. On this basis we assert that the phonetic system of English (and apparently, of any other language) has a specific space of states, which provides directed chainlike mode of micro- and macro changes without positional skipping and contributes to preserving functional capability of the given system. The overall exploration of structural organization of the English language casts light on fractality as one of main principles of intra- and inter-level integrity of language elements. The research has shown that a subject-predicate syntactic structure (S -P) should be viewed as a pattern of cross-level self-similarity. The research into historical development of morphological composition of English words has revealed “the complex nature of the simple” and disclosed centripetal dynamics of morphemic boundaries, as well as a tendency for the root morpheme to become complicated, in particular. However, linguosynergetics is not entirely past-oriented. Knowledge of mechanisms and principles of language change can help to foresee the variety of potential states of the analyzed complex system and to anticipate the behavior of the latter in the future. From the present findings globalization can be viewed as a new stage not only in the development of human society but in the history of the English language as well. We suggest that Global English should be considered as a new phase state of the English language system. The process of globalization which seems to have covered many, if not all, aspects of today’s life, brings up the problem of the so-called “language ecology” which implies, first and foremost, saving one’s own identity by maintaining cultural traditions and language. The thesis focuses on the linguistic aspect of globalization. Changes in.the language-scape of the planet, as well as the role of the English language in them, are analyzed through synergetic methodology. Diachronic linguosynergetics is capable of addressing a broad range of issues concerning language change. It sheds new light on language development and permits better descriptions of phase transitions, or reconfigurations, of language as a synergetic megasystem.
Наукові керівники: доктор філологічних наук, професор Нушикян Емма Ашотівна, Одеський національний університет ім. І.І.Мечникова, завідувач кафедри теоретичної та прикладної фонетики англійської мови; доктор філологічних наук, професор Бровченко Тамара Олександрівна, Одеський національний університет ім. І. І. Мечникова, професор кафедри теоретичної та прикладної фонетики англійської мови.
Ключові слова
англійська мова, діахронічна лінгвосинергетика, механізми еволюції мови, мовна система, синергетична система, фазовий простір мови, английский язык, диахроническая лингвосинергетика, механизмы эволюции языка, языковая система, синергетическая система, фазовое пространство языка, the English language, diachronic linguistic synergetics, language system, synergetic system, phase space, mechanisms of language change
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