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Title: Семантичні трансформації слова в художньому тексті
Other Titles: Семантические трансформации слова в художественном тексте
Semantic transformations of words in artistic texts
Authors: Порожнюк, Алла Леонтіївна
Порожнюк, Алла Леонтиевна
Porozhniuk, Alla L.
Citation: Записки з українського мовознавства = Opera in linguistica ukrainiana
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Одеський національний університет імені І. І. Мечникова
Keywords: художній текст
семантична структура слова
семантичні трансформації
художественный текст
семантическая структура слова
семантические трансформации
artistic text
semantic structure of the word
semantic transformations
Series/Report no.: ;Вип. 23
Abstract: Різні типи семантичних трансформацій мовних одиниць у художньому тексті розглядаються як акт творчості, як суттєва складова частина вторинної моделювальної системи – тексту, як основа образного смислу, як глибинний зв'язок частини і цілого – семантики слова і семантики тексту.
Различные типы семантических трансформаций языковых единиц рассматриваются как акт творчества, как существенная составляющая вторичной моделирующей системы – текста, как основа образного смысла, как глубинная связь части и целого – семантики слова и семантической структуры текста.
An artistic text is viewed as a cognitive structure which verbally explicates information provided through a system of artistic images. The aesthetic value of the artistic discourse is determined in correlation with the language as a system of signs and their compatibility models. The interaction between various text components and their meanings provides changes in the semantic structure of the language units. The contextual meaning of a language unit is considered secondary in relation to language as a system and language as a code. The study of semantic transformations of words in the artistic text involves word analysis on the level of the syntagmatic structure of the text, as well as the level of the word’s paradigmatic relationship with lexical units of the same class, and also on the level of the semantic relation between the word and the whole text. A change in a word’s semantic structure is most often referred to as a semantic ‘increment’ (V.V. Vinogradov). In this case the nominative/denotative part of the semantic core remains intact, thus preserving the ordinary, usual meaning of the word. Due to such changes the semantic structure of the word acquires some optional semes that carry a specific stylistic load in the text. Contextual synonyms used by the author show complete neutralization of the seme structure which is replaced with a new one, thus creating a completely changed lexical meaning of the word. Various types of semantic transformations of the language units are regarded as an act of creativity, an essential component of the text as a secondary modeling system, the basis of figurative meanings, and the underlying relation between a part and the whole – the semantics of the word and the semantic structure of the text.
Appears in Collections:Записки з українського мовознавства

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