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Title: Жіноче питання в національно- визвольному русі мусульманських країн (на прикладі Тунісу)
Other Titles: Women's issues in the national liberation movement of Muslim countries (on the example of Tunisia)
Authors: Гладченко, Світлана Володимирівна
Гладченко, Светлана Владимировна
Gladchenko, Svitlana V.
Citation: Записки історичного факультету = Записки исторического факультета
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Одеський національний університет імені І. І. Мечникова
Keywords: Туніське суспільство
національно-визвольний рух
жіночі організації
модернізаційні процеси
країни Магрібу
Tunisian women
Tunisian society
the socio-cultural traditions
modernization of the Tunisian society
Series/Report no.: ;Вип. 30.
Abstract: В статті дослідник розкриває специфіку модернізацій них процесів жіночого руху на прикладі туніського суспільства. Цей процес, на думку автора, почався ще до створення колоніального режиму. У контексті існуючої ісламської традиції ступінь залучення жінок до соціальної чи продуктивної сфери було обумовлено соціальною диференціацією. Відбувалось поступове оформлення ідейно-політичних реалій Тунісу. Творення жіночих громадських організацій відбувався завдяки процесу соціалізації туніських жінок. Участь їх у національно-визвольному русі була домінуючим фактором соціального оновлення суспільства.
The main idea of the article is the specificity of the modernization of the Tunisian society, as well as its gender aspect, is largely due to the fact that this process, thanks to the efforts of the ruling elite, began before the establishment of the colonial regime. In the context of the existing Islamic tradition, the degree of engagement of women in the social or productive spheres was conditioned by social differentiation. After establishing the French protectorate, actively using the administrative apparatus, encouraging the growth of the non-Muslim population, the French pursued a policy of cultural colonialism, which led to the design of the ideological and political realities of Tunisia in two directions. Representatives of the first direction continued the traditions of pre-colonial reformism, substantiating the idea of self-sufficiency of Islam. Representatives of the second, not denying the cultural significance of Islam, considered the prospects of modernization with the absorption of European experience. Representatives of Islamic modernism argued that, reformed and adapted to the spirit of time, Islam became the ideological basis of social development, in particular the release of women, whose primary role was to play education. The most radical of them questioned the use of hijab, as a purely Islamic tradition. Without denying the traditions of Islam, they advocated assimilation of the achievements of European culture, science and public opinion. The ideal of a new Tunisian woman appeared in the context of the synthesis of Islamic and Western cultures. He called for the emancipation of women and the reform of family-marital relations, taking into account the socio-cultural traditions of the Tunisian society. Thus, most of the Tunisian intellectual elite was united in the view that women's education is a prerequisite for the modernization of society. However, some advocated for its purely Islamic nature, others did not deny the need for secular nature, in this case the French. The position of this kind undoubtedly created the preconditions for solving the issue of women's education. The process of socializing Tunisian women in the 1930s was manifested in the creation of women's community organizations. Members of such organizations, as a rule, were representatives of an enlightened and prosperous elite of Tunisian society, whose activities were initially charitable. Thesis, westernized Tunisian women, who were mostly educated in France, usually propagandised their own feminist ideas. However, their activities caused a sharp rejection, even among representatives of Islamic modernists. Until the second half of the 1950's, it was not a struggle for emancipation, and participation in the national liberation movement was a dominant factor in the social updating of a number of Tunisian women.
Other Identifiers: УДК: 94(611):316.323.8:396 (043.5)
Appears in Collections:Записки історичного факультету

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