Ancient landslide (Olbia) on the right (west) shore of Dnieper-Bugsky liman
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The ancient city of Olbia is situated on the paleo-slope of a landslide.The Upper City sits on the plateau,with absolute elevations of 38-42 m (Fig. 8).The Lower City is on the upper landslide terrace,which is 40-85 m wide and has an elevation of 6.5-12.5 m.The surface of the plateau,slope,and terrace are covered by diluvium and cultural layers totaling on average 4-6 m in thickness.Part of the Lower City and the port are currently submerged beneath waters of Bugsky Liman and are located on the lower landslide terrace.
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